Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Suriname, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
Robert Koulish is a political scientist at the University of Maryland, is Director of the MLAW Programs in the BSOS College at UMD, Joel J. Feller Research Professor in the Department of Government and Politics, and Lecturer at Law in the UMD Carey School of Law. He is the author of Immigration and American Democracy: Subverting the Rule of Law (2010), Immigration Detention, Risk and Human Rights (2016).; Maartje van der Woude is Professor of Law & Society at Leiden Law School, the Netherlands. She is also affiliated with the Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law at the University of Oslo and the Center for the International Comparative Study of Criminology at the University of Montreal.